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Brief History

In 1917 the bishops of the U.S. formed the National Catholic War Council (NCWC) to enable U.S. Catholics to contribute funds and commit personnel to provide spiritual care and recreation services to servicemen during World War I. In 1919 Pope Benedict XV urged the hierarchy to join him in working for peace and social justice. In response, the bishops organized the National Catholic Welfare Council in 1919 and set up the first Administrative Committee of seven members to handle the Council's business between plenary meetings. At that time the headquarters were established in Washington, DC and a general secretary with some staff was appointed.

 

The word "Conference" soon replaced "Council" in 
the organization's title, underlining the fact that it was consultative 
rather than legislative. At the same time, in 1922 the National Catholic
 Welfare Conference was created to address such concerns as education, 
immigration and social action.

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This model continued until 1966 
when the National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB) and the United 
States Catholic Conference (USCC) were established. The NCCB attended to
 the Church's own affairs in this country, fulfilling the Vatican 
Council's mandate that bishops "jointly exercise their pastoral office" 
(Decree on the Bishops' Pastoral Office in the Church, #38). NCCB 
operated through committees made up exclusively of bishops, many of 
which had full-time staff organized in secretariats. In USCC the bishops
 collaborate with other Catholics to address issues that concern the 
Church as part of the larger society. Its committees included lay 
people, clergy and religious in addition to the bishops.

On July 1, 2001 the NCCB and the USCC were combined to form the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB). USCCB continues all of the work formerly done by the NCCB and the USCC with the same staff. The bishops themselves form approximately 17 committees, each with its own particular responsibility.


The staff work is overseen by the General Secretariat.

Lectionary for Mass for Use in the Dioceses of the United States, second typical edition, Copyright © 2001, 1998, 1997, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine; Psalm refrain © 1968, 1981, 1997, International Committee on English in the Liturgy, Inc. All rights reserved. Neither this work nor any part of it may be reproduced, distributed, performed or displayed in any medium, including electronic or digital, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.



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