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scripture

 

CHAPTER 15

Secondary Offerings. 1The LORD spoke to Moses: 2* Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you enter the land that I am giving you for your settlements, 3if you make to the LORD an oblation from the herd or from the flock—either a burnt offering or a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow, or as a voluntary offering, or for one of your festivals—to produce a pleasing aroma for the LORD, 4the one presenting the offering shall also present to the LORD a grain offering, a tenth of a measure* of bran flour mixed with a fourth of a hin of oil, 5as well as wine for a libation, a fourth of a hin. You will do this with the burnt offering or the sacrifice, for each lamb. 6Alternatively for a ram you shall make a grain offering of two tenths of a measure of bran flour mixed with a third of a hin of oil, 7and for a libation, a third of a hin of wine, thereby presenting a pleasing aroma to the LORD. 8If you make an offering from the herd—either a burnt offering, or a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow, or as a communion offering to the LORD, 9with it a grain offering of three tenths of a measure of bran flour mixed with half a hin of oil will be presented; 10and you will present for a libation, half a hin of wine—a sweet-smelling oblation to the LORD. 11The same is to be done for each ox, ram, lamb or goat. 12Whatever the number you offer, do the same for each of them.

13All the native-born shall make these offerings in this way, whenever they present a sweet-smelling oblation to the LORD. 14Likewise, in any future generation, any alien residing with you or anyone else in your midst, who presents an oblation of pleasing aroma to the LORD, must do as you do. 15There is but one statute for you and for the resident alien, a perpetual statute throughout your generations. You and the resident alien will be alike before the LORD; 16you and the alien residing with you will have the same rule and the same application of it.

17The LORD spoke to Moses: 18Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you enter the land into which I am bringing you 19and eat of the bread of the land, you shall offer the LORD a contribution. 20A round loaf from your first batch of dough* you shall offer as a contribution. Just like a contribution from the threshing floor you shall offer it.a 21Throughout your generations you shall give a contribution to the LORD from your first batch of dough.

Purification Offerings.* 22If through inadvertence you fail to do any of these commandments which the LORD has given to Moses—b 23anything the LORD commanded you through Moses from the time the LORD first gave the command down through your generations— 24if it was done inadvertently without the community’s knowledge, the whole community shall sacrifice one bull from the herd as a burnt offering of pleasing aroma to the LORD, along with its prescribed grain offering and libation, as well as one he-goat as a purification offering. 25c Then the priest shall make atonement for the whole Israelite community; and they will be forgiven, since it was inadvertence, and for their inadvertence they have brought their offering: an oblation to the LORD as well as their purification offering before the LORD. 26Not only the whole Israelite community but also the aliens residing among you shall be forgiven, since the inadvertent fault affects all the people.

27If it is an individual who sins inadvertently,d this person shall bring a yearling she-goat as a purification offering. 28And the priest shall make atonement before the LORD for the one who erred, since the sin was inadvertent, making atonement for the person to secure forgiveness. 29You shall have but one rule for the person who sins inadvertently, whether a native-born Israelite or an alien residing among you.

30But anyone who acts defiantly,e whether a native or an alien, reviles the LORD, and shall be cut off from among the people. 31f For having despised the word of the LORD and broken his commandment, he must be cut off entirely and bear the punishment.

The Sabbath-breaker. 32While the Israelites were in the wilderness, a man was discovered gathering wood on the sabbath day. 33Those who caught him at it brought him to Moses and Aaron and the whole community. 34But they put him in custody, for there was no clear decision* as to what should be done with him.g 35Then the LORD said to Moses: This man shall be put to death; let the whole community stone him outside the camp. 36So the whole community led him outside the camp and stoned him to death, as the LORD had commanded Moses.

Tassels on the Cloak. 37The LORD said to Moses: 38Speak to the Israelites and tell them that throughout their generations they are to make tassels* for the corners of their garments, fastening a violet cord to each corner.h 39When you use these tassels, the sight of the cord will remind you of all the commandments of the LORD and you will do them, without prostituting yourself going after the desires of your hearts and your eyes. 40Thus you will remember to do all my commandments and you will be holy to your God. 41I, the LORD, am your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God: I, the LORD your God.i

* [15:216] These laws on sacrifice are complementary to those of Lv 13. Since the food of the Israelites consisted not only of meat but also of bread, oil and wine, they offered flour, wine and oil in sacrifice to the Lord besides the animal oblations.

* [15:4] Measure: the word, supplied from the context, does not appear in the Hebrew (as also in vv. 6, 9; 28:9, 12, 20, 28; 29:3, 9, 14). Probably the ephah (which is named in 5:15; 28:5) is intended. Hin: see note on Ez 45:24.

* [15:20] Dough: the meaning of the Hebrew term is uncertain; some render, “baking utensils.” This word is used elsewhere only in Ez 44:30 and Neh 10:33; a related Hebrew word is used in Lv 2:14.

* [15:2231] See note on Lv 4:2. Although Lv 45 and Nm 15:2231 both concern inadvertent sins, the emphasis here, as opposed to Lv 45, is on the failure of the community to perform “positive commands” rather than on doing what is prohibited.

* [15:34] No clear decision: either it was not clear that gathering wood constituted “work” and as such a willful violation of the sabbath and a capital offense; or they did not yet know how the death penalty was to be inflicted.

* [15:38] Tassels: at the time of Jesus these tassels were worn by all pious Jews, including Jesus (Mt 9:2021; Mk 6:56); some Pharisees wore very large ones in a display of their zeal for the law (Mt 23:5).

a. [15:1920] Ez 44:30.

b. [15:2223] Lv 4:1314.

c. [15:25] Lv 4:20.

d. [15:2728] Lv 4:2728.

e. [15:30] Dt 17:12.

f. [15:31] Prv 13:13.

g. [15:34] Lv 24:12.

h. [15:38] Dt 22:12.

i. [15:41] Lv 22:3233.






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